INDIAN CENTRAL SCHOOL
PREVENTION IS BETTER THAN CURE
An Awareness Program for Chickenpox
What is chickenpox?
Chicken pox is a mild but highly contagious illness caused by primary infection with varicella zoster virus(VZV). The disease is most common among children under 15 years old. Serious complications are rare, butare more common in newborns, pregnant women, people with weak immune systems and adults. The illnessis most common at the end of winter and the beginning of spring.
Who gets chickenpox?
Anyone who has never had chickenpox and has never been vaccinated against chickenpox can get thedisease. Sometimes, even people who have been vaccinated will still get chickenpox (called “breakthrough”chickenpox). Breakthrough disease is usually milder, but it is still contagious.
Symptoms of chickenpox
People affected with chickenpox get an itchy rash that looks like tiny blisters.
The rash usually starts on the face, stomach, chest or back, and spreads to other parts of the body.
The rash of chickenpox develops in crops with raised red spots arriving first, progressing to blistersthat burst, and forming open sores, before crusting over.
A mild fever, tiredness, loss of appetite and slight body discomfort usually come with the rash.
Symptoms usually begin about 10 – 21 days after exposure to the virus.
How does chicken pox spread?
Chickenpox is an airborne disease spread easily through coughing or sneezing of ill individuals or throughdirect contact with secretions from the rash. It also can be transmitted indirectly by contact with articles ofclothing and other items exposed to fresh drainage from open sores.
When does chickenpox spread?
Patients are contagious up to five days (more commonly, one to two days) before and five days after thedate that their rash appears. When all of the sores have crusted over, the person is usually no longercontagious.
Precautionary measures of chickenpox
Good hand washing and covering your mouth when coughing can help prevent the spread ofinfections.
Thoroughly wash your hands and children’s hands after wiping noses and before eating or preparingfood.
Do not share food, cigarettes, cups, spoons, or drinking straws.
If there is any question about whether you have had chickenpox, you should not consider yourself tobe immune.
A vaccine is available to prevent chickenpox. Additionally, when people receive chickenpox vaccinewithin 3 (and possibly up to 5) days of being in contact with someone with chickenpox, it decreasestheir chances of getting chickenpox. Those who have already received one dose of chickenpoxvaccine should talk with their healthcare provider about receiving a second dose of chickenpoxvaccine.
What should pregnant women or those with weakened immune systems do?
Newborns, pregnant women, and some people with weakened immune systems cannot receive chickenpoxvaccine. If you have been in contact with someone with chickenpox and you do not have a history ofchickenpox or are unsure, you should see a doctor immediately. You may not be able to receive the vaccine,but you may get a shot of antibodies to chickenpox called VZIG (varicella-zoster immune globulin), orintravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) if VZIG is not available, to lower the chances of severe complications.
VZIG or IVIG should be given within 96 hours of exposure.
What should do if you get chickenpox?
Please stay home for 2 weeks and get treatment from hospital
Inform the nurse at school.
Also, keep all chickenpox lesions and other wounds clean and watch for possible signs of infection,including increasing redness, swelling, drainage and pain at the wound site. A person with aninfected wound, especially if fever develops, should seek medical care at an infectious diseasehospital.
General information for parents
If your child develops chickenpox, he / she should not attend childcare or school until the rash has crustedover. Please notify school / childcare personnel that your child has chickenpox.
INDIAN CENTRAL SCHOOL